Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity – to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. When we meditate, we inject far-reaching and long-lasting benefits into our lives. We lower our stress levels, we get to know our pain, we connect better, we improve our focus, and we’re kinder to ourselves. Roughly 200 and 500 million people practice meditation around the world. Different groups of people meditate in different ways.
There are many different ways to reach a meditative state. Some common ones are:
Written evidence of any form of meditation was first seen in the Vedas around 1500 BCE. In India, the tradition of Guru and Shishya (teacher and disciple) has been around for ages, where students were sent to Gurukuls (schools) mostly in the forests to live and learn under a learned teacher.
Research into how meditation effects the brain has been rolling in steadily for a number of years now, with new studies emerging almost monthly to confirm additional benefits – including benefits from ancient times which are now being confirmed with fMRI or EEG. The practice appears to have an amazing variety of neurological benefits. Meditation:
Scientific evidence confirms that meditation helps relieve anxiety and depression, and improve attention, concentration and overall psychological well-being.
Meditation is becoming increasingly popular as more people discover its benefits.
Meditation is a habitual process of training your mind to focus and redirect your thoughts.
You can use it to increase awareness of yourself and your surroundings. Many people think of it as a way to reduce stress and develop concentration.
People also use the practice to develop other beneficial habits and feelings, such as a positive mood and outlook, self-discipline, healthy sleep patterns and even increased pain tolerance.
There are many different ways and techniques to meditate. One common method involves the following steps:
EEG (ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY) AND QEEG FINDINGS IN MEDITATION
Increased Theta and Alpha EEG Activity During Nondirective Meditation
Significantly increased theta power was found for the meditation condition when averaged across all brain regions. There was also a significant increase in alpha power in the meditation condition compared to the rest condition, when averaged across all brain regions.
Increased Gamma Brainwave Amplitude Compared to Control in Three Different Meditation Traditions
Meditation practice is correlated to changes in the EEG gamma frequency range that are common to a variety of meditation practices.
There are many ways to meditate. In addition to types of meditation discussed above, the following can be used:
NFB trains the brain to change the brainwave frequencies to get the desired result. Usually, NFB sessions are conducted 2-5 times a week for a total of 40-50 sessions. Each session lasts 30-60 minutes. Although this seems like a lengthy procedure, the results are more long-lasting. NFB is getting extremely popular and used as a stand-alone therapy or in combination.
EEG-Guided Meditation: A Personalized Approach
Using QEEG screening can aid developing a meditation training program that maximizes results and minimizes risk of potential negative effects.
Quantitative EEG Study on Zen Meditation (Zazen)
The present EEG changes occurring during meditation may reflect intrinsic changes induced by Zazen, namely a mental state in which despite the attainment of relaxation the quality of consciousness is heightened.
Some of the recent, modern electromagnetic techniques are TMS (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) and PEMF (Pulsed Electromagnetic Field) therapy. The use of electromagnetic therapy to alleviate many conditions have been used for over hundreds of years till the end of 19th century/ start of 20th century. Interest in it subdued in the middle period of 20th century, but now the interest has again increased, as evidenced by increase in research and clinical studies in this field.
TMS equipment is costly, needs a clinical set-up and treats with current in the range of 1-2 Tesla. On the other hand, PEMF cost in tremendously less, can be performed anywhere and anytime and the current used is in the range of 100-200 micro-tesla, significantly lower than TMS. This has led to popularity and preference for PEMF therapy, which is also used for other conditions like SLEEP (sleep disturbance), anxiety, depression, sleep improvement, PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) and meditation. The beneficial effects of PEMF are increasingly growing and gaining popularity because of ease of use and simplicity of the apparatus.
Open the Bellabee app on your mobile device and select “Meditate” mode to use the pre-set protocol for MEDITATION or use “Create Therapy” mode to customize therapy for MEDITATION on Bellabee software. This software can be used with any IOS or Android device.
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Disclaimer: The above statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. Bellabee© is intended for beneficial effects as set forth in the device and application directions and instruction literature. Bellabee© is designed to complement other therapies and users should consult with their providers to ensure that the use of Bellabee© is not contraindicated. Bellabee© does not claim to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any medical condition. Always consult your medical doctor regarding any health concerns. Do not reduce or stop taking medications without talking first with your prescribing physician. The use of a pEMF device is contraindicated for people with epilepsy, bleeding, implanted metals and pacemakers, or women who are or might be pregnant.